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Volume 39 (2011)

Indice (pdf)

Articoli – Articles:

Ribichini, S., “Ricordo di Maurice Sznycer (1921-2010)”: 9-22.

In memory of Maurice Sznycer (1921-2010) – This paper is an account of the academic career of Prof. Maurice Sznycer, who recently passed away, followed by a complete bibliography of his studies on Phoenician and Punic epigraphy, language, and culture.

Pedrazzi, T. – Venturi, F., “Le ceramiche egeizzanti nel Levante settentrionale (XII-XI sec. a.C.): aspetti e problemi”: 23-54.

The Aegeanizing Pottery in Northern Levant (12th-11th Century BC): Aspects and Problems – This paper concerns one of the most significant aspects of the Early Iron age material culture in the Levant: the appearance of a new, locally made, Aegean-style pottery. The aim of the study is to give a contribute in defining the cultural and “ethnic” framework of the Iron I, a truly formative phase for the Phoenician culture on the Syro-Palestinian littoral, as well as for other cultural “subjects” all around the Levant (Arameans in the North, Philistines and Israelites in the South). The analysis of data gathered especially from the Northern Levant would fill a gap in the well established tradition of studies related to the Early Iron age material culture in the Southern Levant. The appearance of a pottery class originated in the Aegean or Cyprus, but locally produced in the Syro-Palestinian region, has been traditionally linked to the arrival of the so-called Sea Peoples. Thanks to a synthesis of the data now available, the study intends to offer some suggestions about the validity of such an interpretative theory.

Carayon, N. – Marriner, N. – Morhange, Chr., “Geoarchaeology of Byblos, Tyre, Sidon and Beirut”: 55-66.

Geoarchaeology of Byblos, Tyre, Sidon and Beirut  – Recent geoarchaeological work at Byblos, Tyre, Sidon and Beirut has looked to marry geoscience techniques (coring, geomorphological mapping, bio-sedimentological studies) with archaeology, to better understand where, when and how the cities’ ancient harbours have evolved. Not only have these data contributed to a historical and archaeological reinterpretation of Lebanon’s harbour environments, but they have also provided new insights into seaport systems and infrastructure for the wider Canaan, Phoenician and Punic spheres. In this paper, we summarise the geoarchaeological results from these four sites, placing particular emphasis on previously unpublished archaeological data.

Matricon-Thomas, E., “Adonis à Athènes: le culte en contexte chypro-phénicien”: 67-80.

Adonis in Athens: the Cult in Cypro-Phoenician Context – In historiography, the cult of Adonis in Athens has been studied only in its Greek context for a long time, neglecting some alien and foreign features. Some Scholars have considered Adonis as a god of Phoenician origin, interpreted in Athens as a Greek hero. However, this vision proves to be too linear, because it doesn’t show the deciding role played by Cypriot merchants in the transmission of this cult. In fact, a rereading of Athenian documentation shows that, in the fourth century, the Phoenician theonym of Adonis – which refers to a very Hellenized figure known in Athens since the beginning of the fifth century – is used by foreigners to indicate a god of Eteo-Cypriot origin, influenced by some religious Phoenician traditions.

Ben Jerbania, I., “Amphores grecques des tombes puniques du Sahel, Tunisie”: 81-98.

Greek Amphoras From Punic Tombs of Sahel, Tunisia – This assemblage of amphoras from Punic tombs in the Sahel region of Tunisia sheds light on a new aspect of the record of imports in the region. In addition to their significance for the funeral rituals understanding, these wine amphoras from a variety of origins enable the reconstruction of interactions between the Punic sites of Sahel and the Mediterranean world. Transport vessels reused in chamber tombs also demonstrate the undeniable prestige of wine in the Punic world.

Ben Tahar, S. – Sternberg, M., “La pêche à Jerba à l'époque punique: l'apport de l'archéologie”: 99-116.

Fishing in Jerba during the Punic Age: the Contribution of Archaeology – The archaeological researches conducted in recent years in Jerba brought to light halieutic remains which can be dated back to the Punic era. The archaeological data concern caban remains, net steelyards, some ichthyologic remnants and shellfish. These discoveries constitute convincing indications of an economic activity that developed on the coast of the Little Syrt, thanks to the presence of a convenient eco-system for the flourishing of diverse marine species.

Almagro-Gorbea, M. – Toscano Pérez, C., “Annulus aureus de Ilipla (Niebla, Huelva)”: 117-144.

Annulus aureus from Ilipla (Niebla, Huelva) – An Annulus aureus of high quality found in Niebla offers a representation of a dressed goodness which suckles the prince heir with the perfume of everlasting life. Its style seems to be Ionian-Tartessian, dated at about 560 a.C.; at the same time it offers parallels dated to the IV century BC. This annulus aureus, inspired by the iconography of Isis with Horus, seems to be related to the oriental myth of Astart-Asherat suckling the king; this aspect could suggest that the annulus belonged to a holy king from the Tartessian town of Ilipla, Niebla (Huelva, Spain).

Recensioni – Reviews

S.F. Bondì – M. Botto – G. Garbati – I. Oggiano, Fenici e Cartaginesi. Una civiltà mediterranea (Paolo Bernardini): 145-150.

F. Spagnoli, Cooking Pots as an Indicator of Cultural Relations between Levantine Peoples in Late Bronze and Iron Ages. Origins, Diffusion and Typological Development of Cooking Ware in Levantine and Cypriot Repertoires (14th-7th Centuries BC) (Tatiana Pedrazzi): 151-154.

E. Acquaro (ed.), Scavi e ricerche a Mozia – II (Federico Mazza): 155-156.